The Japanese word for "dog" is "inu." You can write "inu" in either hiragana or kanji, but since the kanji character for "dog" is quite simple, try learning how to write it in kanji. Typical Japanese dogs include Akita, Tosa and Shiba breeds. The onomatopoeic phrase for a dog's bark is wan-wan. You can check out my article, "Animal Sounds" to learn more about the sounds that animals make.
In Japan, the dog is believed to have been domesticated as early as the Jomon period (10,000 B.C.). White dogs are thought to be especially auspicious and often appear in folk tales (Hanasaka jiisan etc.). In the Edo period Tokugawa Tsuneyoshi, the fifth shogun and ardent Buddhist, ordered the protection of all animals, especially dogs. His regulations concerning dogs were so extreme that he was ridiculed as the Inu Shogun.
A more recent story is the 1920's tale of the chuuken (faithful dog), Hachiko. Hachiko met his master at Shibuya station at the end of every workday. Even after his master died one day at work, Hachiko continued to wait at the station for 10 years. He became a popular symbol of devotion. After his death, Hachiko's body was put in a museum, and there is a bronze statue of him in front of Shibuya station. Click this link to read a detailed story about Hachiko. You can listen to the story in Japanese as well.
Critical phrases referring to inu (dogs) are as common in Japan as they are in the West. Inujini (to die like dog) is to die meaninglessly, and to call someone a dog is to accuse him or her of being a spy or dupe.
"Inu mo arukeba bou ni ataru (When the dog walks, it runs across a stick)" is a common saying and it means when you walk outside, you could possibly meet with an unexpected fortune. Click this link to learn more expressions including the word “inu.”
Kobanashi - Ji no Yomenu Inu
Here is a kobanashi (funny story) titled “Ji no Yomenu Inu (The dog that can’t read).”
Inu no daikiraina otoko ga, tomodachi ni kikimashita.
”Naa, inu ga itemo heiki de tooreru houhou wa nai darou ka.”
”Soitsu wa, kantanna koto sa.
Te no hira ni tora to iu ji o kaite oite, inu ga itara soitsu o miseru n da.
Suruto inu wa okkanagatte nigeru kara.”
”Fumu fumu. Soitsu wa, yoi koto o kiita.”
Otoko wa sassoku, te no hira ni tora to iu ji o kaite dekakemashita.
Shibaraku iku to, mukou kara ookina inu ga yatte kimasu.
Yoshi, sassoku tameshite yarou.
Otoko wa te no hira o, inu no mae ni tsukidashimashita.
Suruto inu wa isshun bikkuri shita monono, ookina kuchi o akete sono te o gaburi to kandan desu.
Tsugi no hi, te o kamareta otoko ga tomodachi ni monku o iimashita.
”Yai, oame no iu youni, te ni tora to iu ji o kaite inu ni meseta ga, hore kono youni, kuitsukarete shimatta wa.”
Suruto tomodachi wa, kou iimashita.
”Yare yare, sore wa fuun na koto da. Osoraku sono inu wa, ji no yomenu inu darou.”
Click this link to read this story in Japanese.
“Fumu fumu,” “Yoshi” and “Yare yare” are interjections. “Fumu fumu” can be translated as “Hmm” or “I see.” “Yare yare” describes a sigh of relief. Here are some examples.
* Yoshi, sore ni kimeta. --- OK, I am sold on that idea!
* Yoshi, hikiukeyou. --- All right, I will take it on.
* Yare yare, yatto tsuita. --- Well, here we are at last.
* Yare yare, kore de tasukatta. --- Hallelujah! We are safe at last.
Click this link to learn more about Japanese interjections and exclamations.