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Health Problem (2)
Useful Vocabulary and Expressions
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Health Problem (1)

Here are more useful vocabulary and expressions when you have health problems. There are two types of hospitals: "Iin (private hospitals)" and "sougou-byouin (general hospitals)". A doctor is "isha" and a nurse is "kangofu". Doctors are often called "sensei", the title also used for teachers and professors. In case of an emergency, call 119 for an ambulance (kyuukyuu-sha) or the fire department (shoubou-sho), 110 for the police station (keisatsu).

Hospital Departments

naika
内科
internal medicine
geka
外科
surgery
shounika
小児科
pediatrics
sanfujinka
産婦人科
obstetrics and gynecology
seikeigeka
整形外科
orthopedics
hifuka
皮膚科
dermatology
hinyoukika
泌尿器科
urology
ganka
眼科
ophthalmology
jibika
耳鼻科
ear and nose department
shika
歯科
dentistry

Types of Medicine

kusuri
medicine
itamidome
痛み止め
painkillers
kazegusuri
風邪薬
cold cures
bitaminzai
ビタミン剤
vitamins
sanzai
散剤
powders
jouzai
錠剤
tablets

Common Phrases Used by a Doctor

Dou shimashita ka.
どうしましたか。
What seems to be the problem?
Ushiro o muite kudasai.
後ろを向いてください。
Turn around, please.
Soko ni yoko ni natte kudasai.
そこに横になってください。
Lie down there, please.
Aomuke ni natte kudasai.
仰向けになってください。
Lie on your back, please.
Utsubuse ni natte kudasai.
うつ伏せになってください。
Lie face down, please.
Kuchi o ookiku akete kudasai.
口を大きく開けてください。
Open your mouth wide, please.
Chuusha o uchimashou.
注射を打ちましょう。
I will give you an injection.
Odaiji ni.
お大事に。
Take good care of yourself.

How to Consult a Doctor

To ask the doctor if you are permitted to do something, the expression "~ mo ii desu ka (May I ~?)" is used. It is combined with the verb "te-form".

Tabako o sutte mo ii desu ka.
煙草を吸ってもいいですか。
Is it all right to smoke?
Osake o nonde mo ii desu ka.
お酒を飲んでもいいですか。
Is it all right to drink alcohol?

There is no expression in Japanese like "Bless you" when somebody sneezes. In Japan, it is said that if you sneeze, someone is gossiping about you.

When the Japanese measure body temperature (taion), they put the thermometer in their armpit (waki), unlike some countries where people put it in their mouths.

Click here to learn how to describe pain.

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