1. Education
Send to a Friend via Email
All About Adjectives
Part1: I-Adjectives and Na-Adjectives
More of this Feature
The Use of Adjectives

Related Resources
All About Verbs

Elsewhere on the Web
Teach Yourself Japanese: Adjectives

Page 1 of 2

There are two types of adjectives in Japanese: i-adjectives and na-adjectives. I-adjectives all end in "~ i," though they never end in "~ ei" (e.g. "kirei" is not an i-adjective.)

Japanese adjectives differ from their English counterparts. Although Japanese adjectives have functions to modify nouns like English adjectives, they also function as verbs when used as predicates. For example, "takai(高い)" in the sentence "takai kuruma (高い車)" means, "expensive". "Takai(高い)" of "kono kuruma wa takai (この車は高い)" means not just "expensive" but "is expensive". When i-adjectives are used as predicates, they may be followed by "~ desu(~です)" to indicate a formal style. "Takai desu (高いです)" also means, "is expensive" but it is more formal than "takai (高い)".

Here are lists of common i-adjectives and na-adjectives.

Common I-Adjectives

atarashii
新しい
new furui
古い
old
atatakai
暖かい
warm suzushii
涼しい
cool
atsui
暑い
hot samui
寒い
cold
oishii
おいしい
delicious mazui
まずい
bad tasting
ookii
大きい
big chiisai
小さい
small
osoi
遅い
late, slow hayai
早い
early, quick
omoshiroi
面白い
interesting, funny tsumaranai
つまらない
boring
kurai
暗い
dark akarui
明るい
bright
chikai
近い
near tooi
遠い
far
nagai
長い
long mijikai
短い
short
muzukashii
難しい
difficult yasashii
優しい
easy
ii
いい
good warui
悪い
bad
takai
高い
tall, expensive hikui
低い
low
yasui
安い
cheap wakai
若い
young
isogashii
忙しい
busy urusai
うるさい
noisy

Common Na-Adjectives

ijiwaruna
意地悪な
mean shinsetsuna
親切な
kind
kiraina
嫌いな
distasteful sukina
好きな
favorite
shizukana
静かな
quiet nigiyakana
にぎやかな
lively
kikenna
危険な
dangerous anzenna
安全な
safe
benrina
便利な
convenient fubenna
不便な
inconvenient
kireina
きれいな
pretty genkina
元気な
healthy, well
jouzuna
上手な
skillful yuumeina
有名な
famous
teineina
丁寧な
polite shoujikina
正直な
honest
gankona
頑固な
stubborn hadena
派手な
showy

We will learn how adjectives are used as modifiers and predicates on the next page!

Next page > The use of Adjectives > Page 1, 2

Where Do I Begin?

Subscribe to the Newsletter
Name
Email

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.