|Learn From Movie Dialogues (1)|
Here comes another Oscar season. Movies are fun to watch and also great source of learning language. Watching Japanese movies can be a good listening practice.
Many Hollywood movies are shown in Japan as well as Japanese films. I have told you about the translated movie titles before, but have you ever wondered how the dialogues are translated into Japanese? In textbooks, you probably learn many sentences like "This is a pen" and "There are three apples". Of course, these basic sentences are important, and can't be ignored when trying to understand grammar and sentence structure. However, you might never have the chance to use them in a conversation. How about simple phrases like "You got it" or " I made it"? Something that you actually say or hear in daily conversation. Here are some dialogues from movies. Enjoy!
* Iyoiyo da. (This is it.) - Apolo13
"Iyoiyo" means, "at last".
* Yarisugi kana. (Was that over the top?) - Batman Forever
"Yarisugi" is the noun form of the verb "yarisugiru (to overdo)". "~ sugiru" can be used as an auxiliary verb with verb or adjective, and means "do something excessively". "~ kana" is one of the expressions for uncertainty. It can be translated as "I wonder ~" in English.
* Owatta. (I'm through.) - Blade Runner
"Owatta" is informal past tense of the verb "owaru (to finish, to end)".
* Ki o tsukero! (Watch out!) - Close Encounter of the Third Kind
This is a male speech. Women are likely to say "Ki o tsukete".
* Ogori da. (The drinks are on the house.) - Cocktail
"Ogori" means, "a treat". This phrase can be used for personal treat as well. This is also a male speech. Women would say "Ogori yo". The verb form is "ogoru".
* Shikata ga nai. (I can't help it.) - Crying Game
This phrase is often used by the Japanese. It means, "No help for it," "No way to avoid it". "Shou ga nai" is an abbreviated form.
* Tsuini kita wa. (I made it.) - Dead Man Walking
"Tsuini" means "finally," and "kita" is informal past tense of the verb "kuru (to come)". The sentence particle "wa" is used only in female speech (This line was by Susan Sarandon).
* Hazukashikunai no. (Shame on you!) - Edward Scissorhands
"Hazukashikunai" is negative form of the adjective "hazukashii (shameful, to be embarrassed)". "No" is a sentence particle used by female speaker or a child to indicate an explanation or emotive emphasis.
* Iisugita wa. (I was out of line.) - The Fabulous Baker Boy
As mentioned above, "~ sugiru" can be attached to the stem of some verbs. The main verb of this phrase is "iu (to say)," and "iisugiru" means, "to say too much". "Iisugita" is past tense.
* Yatte kureru ka. (Are you game?) - Mission Impossible
"Yatte" is the ~ te form of the verb "yaru (to try, to do)". "~ kureru" can be attached to the ~ te form of the verb, and means "to do something for me".