1. Education

Introductory Japanese Lessons (14)

Shopping

Dialogue in Romaji

Tenin: Irasshaimase.
Paul: Kore wa nan desu ka.
Tenin: Sore wa obi desu.
Paul: Ikura desu ka.
Tenin: Gosen en desu.
Paul: Sore wa ikura desu ka.
Tenin: Nisen gohyaku en desu.
Paul: Ja, sore o kudasai.

Dialogue in Japanese

店員: いらっしゃいませ。
ポール: これは何ですか。
店員: それは帯です。
ポール: いくらですか。
店員: 五千円です。
ポール: それはいくらですか。
店員: 二千五百円です。
ポール: じゃ、それをください。

"Irasshaimase(いらっしゃいませ)" is a greeting to customers in stores or restaurants. It literally means "welcome." You are not expected to answer this greeting.

"Kore(これ)" means "this." "Sore(それ)" means "that." English has only "this" and "that." Japanese has three separate indicators. "Are(あれ)" means "that over there." Click here to learn more about "kore," "sore" and "are".

kore
これ
something near the speaker
sore 
それ
something near the person spoken to
are
あれ
something not near either person

To reply to a "what" question, simply substitute the answer for "nan(何)". Just remember to change "kore(これ)," "sore(それ)" or "are(あれ)" depending on where the object is in relation to you. Don't forget to take the "ka(か)" (question marker) off.

Q. Kore wa nan desu ka. (これは何ですか。)
A. Sore wa obi desu. (それは帯です。)

"Ikura(いくら)" means "how much."

You have already learned some Japanese numbers.  Here are the hundreds and thousands.

100 hyaku 
1000 sen
200 nihyaku 
二百
2000 nisen
二千
300 sanbyaku
三百
3000 sanzen
三千
400 yonhyaku  
四百
4000 yonsen
四千
500 gohyaku 
五百
5000 gosen
五千
600 roppyaku   
六百
6000 rokusen
六千
700 nanahyaku 
七百
7000 nanasen
七千
800 happyaku   
八百
8000 hassen
八千
900 kyuuhyaku 
九百
9000 kyuusen
九千

Click here for more numbers with the sound files. vocabulary 

"Kudasai(ください)" means "please give me". This follows the particle "o" (object marker). 

Translation for the Dialogue

Store Clark: May I help you.
Paul: What is this?
Store Clark: That is an obi.
Paul: How much is it?
Store Clark: It is 5000 yen.
Paul: How much is that?
Store Clark: It is 2500 yen.
Paul: Well then, please give me that one.

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