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Q. How do you use "~ san," "~ kun" and "~ chan"?

A. "~ san (~さん)" is a title of respect added to a name. It can be used with both male and female names, and with either surnames or given names. It can also be attached to the name of occupations and titles.

surname Yamada-san
山田さん
Mr. Yamada
given name Yoko-san
陽子さん
Miss. Yoko
occupation honya-san
本屋さん
bookseller
sakanaya-san
魚屋さん
fishmonger
title shichou-san
市長さん
mayor
oisha-san
お医者さん
doctor
bengoshi-san
弁護士さん
lawyer

"~ kun (~君)" is used to address men who are younger or the same age as the speaker. A male might address female inferiors by "~ kun," usually in schools or companies. It can be attached to both surnames and given names. It is less polite than "~ san." It isn't used between women or when addressing one's superiors.

"~ chan (~ちゃん)" is often attached to children's names when calling them by their given names. It can also be attached to kinship terms in a childish language. 

Mika-chan
美香ちゃん
Mika
ojii-chan
おじいちゃん
grandpa
obaa-chan
おばあちゃん
grandma
oji-chan
おじちゃん
uncle

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