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Basic Lessons

Asking Directions (5)

Dialogue 

Click here for the dialogue for "Asking Directions."

Expressions for Location

Here are the location nouns and locative noun phrases. Pay attention to word order for locative noun phrases. Unlike English, the location nouns come after the [Noun] and the particle "no."

mae
front eki no mae
駅の前
in front of the station
ushiro
後ろ
behind ki no ushiro
木の後ろ
behind the tree
ue
on, top tsukue no ue
机の上
on the desk
shita
under isu no shita
いすの下
under the chair
naka
in, inside heya no naka
部屋の中
in the room
soto
outside ie no soto
家の外
outside of the house
tonari
next door ginkou no tonari
銀行の隣
next to the bank
yoko
beside honya no yoko
本屋の横
beside the book store
soba
そば
near gakkou no soba
学校のそば
near the school
chikaku
近く
near kouen no chikaku
公園の近く
near the park
aida
between biru no aida
ビルの間
between the buildings
mukou
向こう
beyond kawa no mukou
川の向こう
beyond the river

As we learned in the previous lesson, "arimasu" is used for inanimate things, and "imasu" for animate things.

Isu no shita ni neko ga imasu.
いすの下に猫がいます。
There is a cat under the chair. 
Gakkou no chikaku ni 
kouen ga arimasu.
学校の近くに公園があります。
There is a park near the school.
Toshokan wa 
biru no tonari ni arimasu.
図書館はビルの隣にあります。
The library is next to the building.
Chichi wa honya no mae ni imasu.
父は本屋の前にいます。
My father is in front of the bookstore. 

"~ ni arimasu" or "~ ni imasu" can be replaced with "~ desu."

Toshokan wa 
biru no tonari ni arimasu.
図書館はビルの隣にあります。
The library is next to the building.
Toshokan wa biru no tonari desu. 
図書館はビルの隣です。
Chichi wa honya no mae ni imasu.
父は本屋の前にいます。
My father is in front of the bookstore.
Chichi wa honya no mae desu.
父は本屋の前です。

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