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Basic Lessons

At the Restaurant (7)

Dialogue 

Click here for the dialogue for "At the Restaurant."

How to ask for something you need

The verb "aru" can be used to ask for something you need. In this case, it means "to have." The particle "ga," following the object you ask for, can be omitted.

Menyuu (ga) arimasu ka.
メニュー(が)ありますか。
Do you have a menu?
Suteeki ga arimasu ka.
ステーキがありますか。
Do you have a steak?

"Donna" means "what kind of."

Donna wain ga arimasu ka.
どんなワインがありますか。
What kind of wines do you have?
Donna dezaato ga arimasu ka.
どんなデザートがありますか。
What kind of desserts do you have?

 The verb "aru" can also express existence. 

Tsukue no ue ni hon ga arimasu.
机の上に本があります。
There is a book on the desk.
Kinko no naka ni kagi ga arimasu.
金庫の中にかぎがあります。
There is a key in the safe box.

Click here to learn more about the verb "aru" when it is used to express possession (to have, to own) or physical existence (there is ~). 

How to ask for a recommendation

If you don't know what to order, you can ask for their specialty with these expressions.

Osusume no mono ga arimasu ka.
お勧めのものがありますか。
Do you have anything to recommend?
Dore ga osusume desu ka.
どれがお勧めですか。
Which do you recommend?
Osusume wa nan desu ka.
お勧めは何ですか。
What do you recommend?
Nani ga oishii desu ka.
何がおいしいですか。
What is good?

If you see something that looks good and you want to order same thing, try these phrases.

Are wa nan desu ka.
あれは何ですか。
What is that? 
Oishisou desu ne.
おいしそうですね。
It looks good, doesn't it?
Are to onaji mono o kudasai.
あれと同じものをください。
Can I have the same dish as that?

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