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Basic Lessons

At the Restaurant (3)

Dialogue 

Click here for the dialogue for "At the Restaurant."

How to order at a restaurant 

(1) The waiter or the waitress may use these phrases.

Nani ni nasaimasu ka. 
何になさいますか。
What would you like to have?
Go-chuumon wa okimaridesu ka. 
ご注文はお決まりですか。
Have you decided on your order?
Okimaridesu ka.  
お決まりですか。
Have you decided?
Go-chuumon wa.
ご注文は。
(with rising intonation, less formal) 
What would you like to order?

These expressions are formal, since the waiter or the waitress normally talk politely to the customer. "Go" or "o" is the respectful prefix (polite marker).

(2) How to order

Sushi
すし
(o) onegaishimasu.
(を) お願いします。
o kudasai.
をください。
o moraimasu.
をもらいます。
ni shimasu.
にします。

Click here for the difference between "kudasai" and "onegaishimasu."

When you chose something from several alternatives, the verb "suru (shimasu)" is used. It means "to decide" in this case. 

In the sample dialogue, "Boku wa sushi" literally means, "I am sushi." ("Wa" is a particle, topic marker.) However, the situation makes it clear that he is ordering sushi. Therefore the particle "wa" can be translated "as for" in this case.

Boku wa sushi.
僕はすし。
As for me, I will have sushi.
Watashi wa biiru. 
私はビール。
I will have beer.

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