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Basic Lessons

At the Post Office (7)

Dialogue 

Click here for the dialogue for "At the Post Office."

Useful vocabulary at the post office

yuubin
郵便
postal service
posuto
ポスト
mailbox
yuubin bangou
郵便番号
postal code
kokunai yuubin
国内郵便
domestic mail
kokusai yuubin
国際郵便
international mail
koukuubin
航空便
air mail
funabin
船便
sea mail
sokutatsu
速達
special delivery
kakitome
書留
registered mail
kozutsumi
小包
parcels
soukin
送金
remittances
yuubin kawase
郵便為替
postal money order
genkin kakitome
現金書留
registered mail for cash
yuubin furikae
郵便振替
postal transfer

How to send mail at the post office

(1) Asking about postage

"Ikura desu ka" is "How much is it?" You can indicate the destination of the mail with the particle "made". 

Kanada made ikura desu ka.
カナダまでいくらですか。
How much does it cost to Canada?

The type of mail (air mail, sea mail etc.) also can be added with the particle "de".

Funabin de ikura desu ka
船便でいくらですか。
How long does it cost by sea mail?

(2) Asking how long does it take

"Donogurai kakarimasu ka" is used when you want to find out how long it takes for an item to be delivered. 

Doitsu made donogurai 
kakarimasu ka.
ドイツまでどのぐらい
かかりますか。
How long will it take to Germany?
Mikka gurai kakarimasu.
三日ぐらいかかります。
It will take for about three days.
Isshuukan gurai kakarimasu.
一週間かかります。
It will take for about a week.
Ikkagetsu gurai kakarimasu. 
一ヶ月かかります。
It will take for about a month.

Quiz  

The answers are below this page.

(1) Ask how much does it cost to send to U.S. by air mail. 
(2) Ask how long it will take to send to England by sea mail.

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Answers

(1) Amerika made koukubin de ikura desu ka.
(2)  Igirisu made funabin de donogurai kakarimasu ka.

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